FAUCON extinguishig ampoule - ASSEMBLING

ASSEMBLING OF FAUCON FIRE EXTINGUISHING AMPOULE


Researches and tests have shown that the following procedures need to be taken into consideration when assembling the FAUCON extinguishing ampoule:

1. The ampoule should always be fastened to the pylonss. (envisage the place of assembling while scheming)
2. The ampoule should always be set to the wall in a horizontal position. The position of the grooves and distance from the ceiling (10 cm) should be carefully monitored (the ampoule should be stuck from the top). The maximum height of the ceiling used for placing the FAUCON ampoule is 2.5 m. The ampoules, the number of which is decided according to the size of the room, should be placed near potential fire sources and above any heating apparatuses or electric appliances. 8m3 is considered to be the securely put out volume (general instructions). When deciding on the direction of the extinguishing spray which originates when the ampoule is activated, the effect of extinguishing can be the most satisfactory even when using smaller numbers of the placed ampoules, taking into consideration the volume of the area we wish to protect with the use of automatic FAUCON extinguishing product.
3. The method of throwing requires the ampoules to be placed in a manner that allows them to be removed from the pylon and at the same time protected against possible damages.
4. Due to the possibility that the liquid extinguisher may freeze, the temperature of the area where the ampoule is placed should not be lower than -23°C.

When calculating the number of needed ampoules, use the efficacy diagram (see chapter: function) which demonstrates the limit where the efficacy, per approximately 100 cm and the highest possible horizontal range of 200 cm, is 100 %. When placing the ampoules, covering of the area should be carefully monitored, as it is necessary for the fire safety that the extinguishing spray covers potential fire sources on the whole. As a result of that, extinguishing of primary fire is assured, as well as prevention of a new one.

As part of instructions on how to properly place the right number of ampoules into a certain area with regards to its importance, the following empirical rules are also essential to comply with:

• Hotel security
• Clinics and hospitals
• Navigation installations
• Apartments and tenements
• Business premises
• Industrial security and laboratories
• Transportation and vehicles

HOTEL SECURITY

Guest room:
1 product (piece) / 4m2, 1 additional product for the near kitchen
Corridor:
1 product per every two metres
Kitchen:
1 product in each ventilating fan and a few extra products in certain fire risk areas
(mostly where larger quantities of food grease are stored and chefs usually keep
them next to open fire)



CLINICS AND HOSPITALS
In modern time clinics and hospitals the installation of visible sprinklers is obligatory and therefore their installation in older buildings can present quite a challenge and a huge financial burden for the investors.
Therefore to avoid such complications, FAUCON offers a perfect solution:

Smaller departments:
1 product / 4 m2
Big departments:
2 products / 4 m2
Corridor:
1 product per every 2 metres
Staff rooms:
1 product / 4 m2
Kitchen:
1 product / 4 m2, 1 product in every passage, extra protection around the kitchen-range
Boiler room:
2 products / 4 m2
Fuel repository:
2 products / 4 m2, 1-2 products above the fuel reservoir

 
NAVIGATION INSTALLATIONS
In Japan, every small vessel, no matter if it is a fishing boat or a yacht, is required to have the FAUCON installation. They are installed in the vessels' engine rooms as the main protection.
These are deliberately called “the FAUCON rooms”. FAUCON is the most appropriate product for such rooms, as it effectively extinguishes fires of electrical appliances, as well as fuel and oil fires. The number of ampoules is thoroughly considered and planned. It is important to know that when extinguishing fires caused by electrical appliances, FAUCON functions as a spray that does not cause any electric sparks and short circuits on the appliances. It can function as an ideal replacement for the water sprinkling-nozzles on big vessels.

Power transmission:
1-2 products / 4 m2, depending on the size of the room
Engine room:
1-2 products / 4 m2
Small engine room:
2-6 products, depending on the size and type of the engine
Passenger berth:
1 product / 8 m2. Enlarge the number of the pieces when ventilation or draught is present.

 
APARTMENTS AND TENEMENTS

Kitchen
1-2 pieces / 4 m2
Small ventilator:
1 piece for the standard kitchen-range (4 plates)
Big ventilator:
2 pieces for kitchen-ranges with more than 4 plates
Boiler room:
1 piece / 4 m2. 1 piece above the fuel reservoir
Living room:
1 piece / 4 m2. 1 piece above the fire risk spots like: fireplace, gas or paraffin lamps, electrical appliances that transmit heat (radiator,fan-heater...) etc.
Repository:
1 piece / 4 m2, 1 additional piece above every potential fire focal point
Fuel repository:
2 pieces / 4 m2
Mansard:
1 piece / 4 m2
Staircase:
1 piece for every floor
Vertical shafts:
1 piece for every floor
Horizontal shafts:
1 piece for 4 -8 m2 of ground plan surface

 
BUSINESS PREMISES

Computer room:
1 piece / 4 m2, 1 additional piece above every potential fire focal point
Guest room:
1 piece / 4 m2
Tea kitchen:
1 piece / 4 m2. Ventilator – 1 piece above the kitchen-range (cooker)
Boiler room:
2 pieces / 4 m2
Small repository:
1 piece / 4 m2

 
INDUSTRIAL SECURITY AND LABORATORIES
Big enclosed areas are, in the sense of spreading and extinguishing of fires, closely related to opens spaces/areas. Although FAUCON  is appropriate for big areas, it is not as efficient as in small enclosed areas and that is why greater number of ampoules should be planned. Basic data:

Fume cupboard:
1 piece for the standard cabinet
Laboratories (desks): *
1-2 pieces / 4 m2
Surface smaller than 2×2 and height of the ceiling 2.5m: **
1 piece / 4 m2
Surface bigger than 2×2 and smaller than 10×5, the Height of the ceiling 2.5 m:**
2 pieces / 4 m2
Surface bigger than 10×5 and smaller than 20x10, the
Height of the ceiling 2.5 m:**
3 pieces / 4 m2
Paint rooms:
1 piece / 4 m2
Drying tunnels:
1 piece / 4 m2
Shops:

- textile fabrics:
- stationer's shop:
- advertisement pillars:

1 piece / 4 m2
1 piece / 4 m2
1 piece / 4 m2

* - Additional 1 to 2 pieces for the use by the method of throwing it into the fire for every laboratory
** - The needed height of the laboratory rooms should be 3 m.

TRANSPORTATION – VEHICLES

Trucks and tugboats
(metal construction cargo rooms):
2-4 pieces
Trailers:
2-4 pieces
Passenger vehicles:
2-4 pieces for buses (extinguishing by the method of throwing). Standardisation of FAUCON ampoules that serve as an alternative to other already stable systems and a supplementation to regulated instruments for
extinguishing starting fires (powder based extinguishers) brought a substantial reduction of installation and maintenance costs – inspection or restoration of ampoules (50 % of the price) every five (5) years.
Railway wagons:
1 piece / 4 m2
Military vehicles:
 
Cabin:
1 piece
Transportation part:
1 piece / 4 m2

 
THE EFFECT / RESULT
Comparative advantages (or disadvantages) are evident from the following fire classes table:
A – common fire (solid flammable substances)
B – burning of flammable liquids (fuel)
C – flammable gas
E – electrical appliances and installations

TYPE OF BURNING MATERIAL
FAUCON
WATER
HALONS AND THEIR SUBSTITUTES
ABC POWDER
A
 
 
 
 
wooden material
Paper, textile fabrics clothes, bed linen
Rubber, celluloid
Plastic
very good
very good
very good
very good
very good
good
good
good
good
good
bad
bad
bad
bad
good
good
good
good
good
good
 
 
 
 
 
B
 
 
 
 
Petrol
Food greases
Other oils
good
very good
very good
bad
bad
bad
good
good
good
good
good
good
 
 
 
 
 
E
 
 
 
 
Electrical appliances and installations
good
bad
very good
good




Categorisation of burning materials:
A
1
Hard wood, beech wood, kitchen furniture, logs, sawdust, dry grass, wooden coats, log cabins, tree bark, wooden splinters, wooden door, wooden staircases, packing cases, bamboo products and other common wooden materials...
 
 
 
 
 
2
cotton material, clothes, rugs and carpets, curtains, waste material, waste paper, paper bags, common paper products, dry grass, wallpapers, spring mattresses
 
 
3
bedclothes, mattresses
 
4
rubber and artificial and natural rubber products
 
5
plastic materials of all types
 
 
 
B
1
petrol, flammable liquids, kerosene, paints and lacquers with organic liquefiers and other organic liquefiers, alcohol, leaking chemicals and mineral oils (category A)
 
 
2
animal and vegetal fats
 
3
plastic and synthetic materials that under the influence of water melt and burn like melted substances (paraffin)
 
 
 
C
 
Flammable gases: earth gas, propane – butane (UNP), acetylene, city gas, hydrogen etc.
 
 
 
E
1
electrical appliances and cables insulation (especially insulation at high voltage appliances with more than 1000 V, mostly at transformer stations and high voltage distribution systems (10.000 V – 60.000 V)

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